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World Cup Fever

It's World Cup fever all over the world, and while I don't know the first thing about soccer, I can enjoy a good sports match as much as the next person. I was on my way home for most of the USA-Ghana match that took place a few days ago, but was able to catch the very exciting ending. According to the ratings, the USA-Ghana game drew 11.1 million viewers per minute, making it the most watched men's soccer match ever on ESPN or ESPN2.

fifa world cup stadiums birdair metal architecture blog postSo, as we head into the second week of World Cup matches, I thought I would share some of the interesting bits of information that I have received over the last week or so in regards to the World Cup.

Tekla's BIM software was used to model 10 of the Brazilian football stadiums. When building the Arena Amazônia in Manaus, Brazil, Martifer Construções improved productivity by 20 percent and efficiency by 30 percent. Offering seating for 44,500, a steel structure circles the stadium, creating a 23,000 square meter roof. The project required 7,000 tons of steel, and the main and secondary structures have angled and H profiles and steel plates that rise up to 31 meters high. A video about the project can be found here.

Additionally, three of the World Cup stadiums feature roofing by Birdair. The renovated Estadio Mineirao Arena in Belo Horizonte and Estadio Nacional in Brasilia, and the newly constructed Arena Fonte Nova in Salvador, all utilize the lightweight long-span roofing and tensile structures.

fifa world cup stadiums birdair metal architecture blogA 141,000-square foot tensile roof was added to the Estadio Mineirão, originally built in 1965 and listed as a national monument. At Estádio Nacional, originally built in 1974, the project involved building a new lower tier while retaining the upper tier with the addition of a new 920,000-square-foot double-layer suspended tensile roof. The newly constructed Fonte Nova Stadium, modeled after its predecessor, the Estadio Octavio Mangabeira, features three levels of seating and an oval-shaped roof that provides cover for 50,000 spectators.

And finally, the USGBC recently announced that six of the World Cup stadiums received LEED certifications, including South America's largest stadium, Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro, which will host the final World Cup game. According to the USGBC, Brazil is among the top five countries worldwide with LEED-certified projects, featuring approximately 3 million gross square meters of LEED-certified space.

fifa world cup stadiums birdair metal architecture blogThe Maracanã stadium has received LEED Silver certification, along with Arena Fonte Nova in Salvador, Mineirão in Belo Horizonte, Arena da Amazônia in Manaus and Arena Multiuso in Salvador. The Castelao Arena in Fortaleza is LEED Certified. Additionally, Maracanã stadium will host both the opening and closing ceremonies for the Rio 2016 Olympic Games, as well as major sporting events.

Even though the World Cup only takes place every four years, it brings soccer back into the attention of many Americans. Over the next week, while watching the matches, enjoy knowing a little extra about some of the stadiums.

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